Due to the influence of politics and society, the global economic growth has been weak in recent years, and the economies of all countries in the world are facing severe challenges. Under such circumstances, the Internet of Things has emerged as a new driving force for economic development. Based on this, based on the actual situation, we have sorted out the development of the Internet of Things industry and summarized ten application areas, namely logistics, transportation, security, energy, medical, construction, manufacturing, home, retail and agriculture. The following sections describe how the Internet of Things technology is applied to these top ten areas:
Internet of Things can be applied to the top ten industries
First, smart logistics
Smart logistics refers to the functions of system awareness, comprehensive analysis and processing in the transportation, warehousing, transportation and distribution of logistics, supported by information technology such as Internet of Things, big data and artificial intelligence. At present, the application of the Internet of Things is mainly reflected in three aspects: warehousing, transportation monitoring, and express delivery terminals. The monitoring of goods and the monitoring of transportation vehicles are realized through the Internet of Things technology, including the location and status of the cargo vehicles, and the temperature and humidity of the cargo. And the speed of the vehicle, etc., the use of Internet of Things technology can improve transportation efficiency and improve the intelligence level of the entire logistics industry.
Second, intelligent transportation
Intelligent transportation is an important form of the Internet of Things. It uses information technology to closely integrate people, vehicles and roads to improve the transportation environment, ensure traffic safety and improve resource utilization. The specific application areas of the Internet of Things technology include smart buses, shared bicycles, car networking, charging pile monitoring, intelligent traffic lights, and smart parking. Among them, the Internet of Vehicles is an area that has been rushed into by major manufacturers and Internet companies in recent years.
Third, intelligent security
Security is a big application market for the Internet of Things, because security is always a basic requirement of people. Traditional security has a large dependence on personnel, which is very labor-intensive, and intelligent security can achieve intelligent judgment through equipment. At present, the core part of intelligent security lies in the intelligent security system, which transmits and stores captured images and analyzes and processes them. A complete intelligent security system mainly includes three parts, access control, alarm and monitoring. The industry mainly focuses on video surveillance.
Fourth, smart energy and environmental protection
Smart energy and environmental protection is a part of smart cities. Its Internet of Things applications are mainly concentrated in energy sources such as water, electricity, gas, street lamps, and environmental protection devices such as manhole covers and trash cans. Such as smart manhole cover monitoring water level and its status, smart water meter to achieve remote meter reading, intelligent trash can automatic induction. IoT technology is applied to traditional water, electricity, and light energy equipment for networking, and through monitoring, improving utilization efficiency and reducing energy consumption.
Five, smart medical
In the field of smart healthcare, the application of new technologies must be people-centered. The Internet of Things technology is the main way of data acquisition, which can effectively help hospitals realize intelligent management of people and intelligent management of objects. The intelligent management of humans refers to the monitoring of human physiological state (such as heart rate, physical exertion, high blood pressure, etc.) by sensors, mainly referring to medical wearable devices, and recording the acquired data into electronic health documents. For personal or doctoral access. In addition, RFID technology can also monitor and manage medical equipment and articles, and realize visualization of medical equipment and supplies, mainly as digital hospitals.
Sixth, smart building
Architecture is the cornerstone of the city. The advancement of technology has promoted the intelligent development of buildings. Smart buildings based on new technologies such as the Internet of Things have attracted more and more attention. The current smart buildings are mainly reflected in energy conservation. The equipment is perceived, transmitted and remotely monitored, which not only saves energy but also reduces the operation and maintenance of building personnel. According to the survey, the billion-dollar think tanks are mainly reflected in the use of electric lighting, fire monitoring, smart elevators, building monitoring and termite monitoring in the field of ancient buildings.
Seven, smart manufacturing
The concept of intelligent manufacturing segmentation is very broad and involves many industries. The huge market in the manufacturing field is an important application area of the Internet of Things, mainly in the digital and intelligent factory transformation, including factory machinery monitoring and environmental monitoring of the factory. By installing corresponding sensors on the equipment, equipment manufacturers can remotely monitor, upgrade and maintain the equipment anytime and anywhere, better understand the use of the products, complete the information collection of the product life cycle, and guide product design and After-sales service; and the environment of the factory is mainly to collect information such as temperature and humidity, smoke and so on.
Eight, smart home
Smart home refers to the use of different methods and equipment to improve people‘s living ability and make the home more comfortable, safe and efficient. The Internet of Things is used in the field of smart homes to monitor the location, status, and changes of home products, analyze their changing characteristics, and provide feedback to a certain extent according to people‘s needs. The development of the smart home industry is mainly divided into three stages, single product connection, object linkage and platform integration. The direction of its development is to connect smart home items first, then to the linkage between different items, and finally to the smart home system platform. At present, various smart home enterprises are in the transition stage from single product to object linkage.
Nine, smart retail
In the industry, retail is divided into three different forms according to distance: far-field retail, mid-field retail, and near-field retail. The three are represented by e-commerce, shopping malls/supermarkets, and convenience stores/vending machines. IoT technology can be used for near-field and mid-field retail, and is mainly used in near-field retail, namely unattended convenience stores and automated (unmanned) vending machines. Smart Retail creates an unmanned retail model by digitally upgrading and transforming traditional vending machines and convenience stores. Through data analysis, and fully utilizing the passenger flow and activities within the store, to provide better services to users, to provide businesses with higher operational efficiency.
X. Smart Agriculture
Smart agriculture refers to a new way of agricultural production that uses information technology, artificial intelligence, big data and other modern information technology to integrate deeply with agriculture to realize information perception, precise management and intelligent control in the whole process of agricultural production. Visual diagnostics, remote control, and disaster warning. The application of the Internet of Things to agriculture is mainly reflected in two aspects: agricultural cultivation and animal husbandry.
Agricultural planting collects data through sensors, cameras and satellites to enable the digitization of crops and the digitization of mechanical equipment (mainly refers to the network of agricultural locomotives). Animal husbandry refers to the use of traditional ear tags, wearable devices and cameras to collect data on livestock and poultry products. By analyzing the collected data, using algorithms to determine the health status, feeding status, location information and estrus of livestock and poultry products. Forecast, etc., for precise management.
This paper summarizes the top ten application industries of the Internet of Things. In these ten industries, the main role of IoT technology is to obtain data, and then use cloud computing, edge computing, and artificial intelligence to process data based on acquired data. Help people make better decisions. Related technologies such as the Internet of Things are the main means of data acquisition and are crucial in the future development. The Internet of Things is a big industry, involving all aspects. In the face of a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial revolution, the Internet of Things is gestating enormous potential, and we will wait and see the future development of the Internet of Things industry.