The business opportunities created by the Internet of Things (IoT) and the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) are among the most controversial topics because they are designed for a wide range of consumer and industrial applications. IoT component manufacturers are convinced of this trend, but many manufacturers still don‘t understand the nature of the IoT concept. In fact, not all connected devices are IoT and Industrial IoT.
The Internet of Things and Industrial IoT concepts are a communication-based ecosystem. Control devices, surveillance cameras, and industrial sensors communicate with cloud-based computing systems and data sources over the Internet, and display the results on a computer screen, on a smartphone, or to activate an optimal process. Through the Internet of Things/Industrial IoT ecosystem, you can increase productivity and achieve unique benefits. The use of the Internet of Things/Industrial Internet of Things includes remote control of home appliances, medical equipment, inspection of store product availability, abnormal condition monitoring, and fault warnings.
Market research companies predict that by 2020, more than 20 billion devices worldwide will be defined as IoT/Industrial Internet of Things. Although the projected numbers are growing every year, it is unclear whether these figures really point out what is and what is not the Internet of Things or the Industrial Internet of Things. The Internet of Things website strongly recommends that you consider the following decision factors.
Equipment is not considered as IoT/Industrial Internet of Things
In fact, not all devices are accepted by the IoT/Industrial Internet of Things Club. Through the following three examples, I will try to clarify the main considerations of this topic.
a) You purchased a home air conditioner activated by a smartphone or web-based application. If the package says "have Wi-Fi capabilities," you can connect the air conditioner to the network, but that doesn‘t necessarily mean it‘s the Internet of Things, because remote activation itself is not enough to call it the Internet of Things.
b) Consider installing a vibration sensor on a large pump or gas turbine to diagnose the fault. This is not an industrial Internet of Things because the vibration sensor device reports to a special PLC and ICS computer that controls the operation of the machine and if a fault is detected Stop it.
c) You purchased a surveillance camera that is connected to a home computer or video recorder for security monitoring. But this is not the Internet of Things, because the 24/7 circular recording system does not require additional data from cloud-based resources or cloud-based computing.
Equipment is considered IoT / Industrial Internet of Things
The following are consumer-oriented and industrial examples, which are considered to be the Internet of Things/Industrial IoT ecosystem, according to the explanations listed.
a) Computer control of the washing machine. Use the built-in IoT ecosystem controller to support the decision to initiate the optimal washing process. The IoT controller communicates with a cloud-based data source. The system involves the following considerations:
● Has the power company notified the nearby grid that the load is abnormal? If so, the washing process will be delayed.
● Is it necessary to use the washing machine in residential areas after 10 pm to reduce noise? If so, the washing process is postponed.
• Is there a sufficient amount of solar hot water to meet the washing needs? If not, the start is postponed until the electric heating of the water is completed.
● Does it sense that the built-in detergent level in the washing machine bottoms out? If so, the washing process is postponed and the detergent is automatically purchased from the shopping site.
b) The operation of solar power plants can be controlled by industrial IoT processes. After the power plant receives the power request, the Industrial IoT ecosystem automatically checks for the following:
● Can the solar light intensity meet the energy required for power plant production in the next few hours? If not, the plant start-up is cancelled.
● Is there an alternative power resource that is more suitable for generating electricity within the required time? If so, the plant is rejected.
● If there is no alternative, the solar power plant will be activated under restricted conditions and notify the grid operator.
From the two examples listed above, it can be seen that the IoT/Industrial IoT system can interact and automatically make it through cloud-based data resources when simple interactions with entities or service-providing devices are not possible. decision making.
Is there any reason to worry?
Certainly, because a large number of inexpensive IoT components without professional configuration and security measures flood the network and allow cyber attacks from all directions and for any purpose. Can an average homeowner properly configure these devices, replace the default password, and detect security vulnerabilities in DDoS type attacks? Of course not, this is the problem.
Today, no one can think of the Internet bubble in early 2000 due to strong expectations for the Internet of Things market. However, well-known companies have invested billions of dollars in goods, but they have not provided enough benefits for users to purchase. These benefits only appeared in a few years. Finally, these well-known companies need to provide more resources to create new ones. Business model to recover their economic losses.
to sum up
We all hope to have a large-scale IoT/Industrial IoT deployment in the future, as it benefits users, vendors and innovation. But... anyone considering a new IoT/industrial IoT ecosystem should focus on finding real needs and designing an appropriate solution based on cloud data to deliver significant benefits.